A History of Modern Iran by Ervand Abrahamian

By Ervand Abrahamian

In a reappraisal of Iran's sleek background, Ervand Abrahamian lines its stressful trip around the 20th century, in the course of the discovery of oil, imperial interventions, the guideline of the Pahlavis and, in 1979, revolution and the delivery of the Islamic Republic. within the intervening years, the rustic has skilled a sour warfare with Iraq, the transformation of society lower than the clergy and, extra lately, the growth of the country and the fight for strength among the outdated elites, the intelligentsia and the economic heart classification. the writer is a compassionate expositor. whereas he adroitly negotiates the twists and turns of the country's local and overseas politics, on the center of his publication are the folks of Iran. it's to them and their resilience that this publication is devoted, as Iran emerges at the start of the twenty-first century as probably the most robust states within the center East.

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ITE RR CHAD L I BY A MED ITALY Ankara Aleppo Mersin le Rosaris SENNAR DAM Atbara RE B lu e e Nil Shiraz Bushire UB LI C N Mukalla Aden ADE OF DJIBOUTI G U L F Taez R EP Hodeida Sanaa EN EM Y OF Map 1 Iran and the Middle East ETHIOPIA ERIT A Mecca Jedda Port Sudan Abadan Isfahan I R A N Tehran TURKMENISTAN UZB EKI ST AN SOMALIA Socotra Island Salala O TAJIKISTAN 0 0 200 200 400 400 600 800 600 miles 1000 km O C E A N SEA ARABIAN INDIA CHINA PA K I S TA N I N D I A N N Jubail GU Damman L F Sharja Dhahran GULF OF OMAN Dubai BAHRAIN QATAR Abu Muscat Riyadh Dhabi UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Kuwait KUWAIT Basra Baghdad Tabriz AZERBAIJAN SAUDI ARABIA Medina A Sennar Ni Yanbu E Khartoum R.

The book also looks at the intimate and complex dynamics between economic and social change, Introduction 7 between social and cultural change, and between cultural and political change – as reflected in the official ideology of the state as well as in the political culture of the larger society. In the Weberian sense, this book is a narrative of how patrimonial rule has been replaced by a bureaucratic state – one where the center dominates the periphery. Household rule has given way first to royal autocracy and then to modern bureaucracy, where paradoxically the citizen claims inalienable rights.

4 (1960), pp. 417–20. “Royal despots”: state and society under the Qajars 19 both because they had their own holy books and because they were recognized as such in the Koran and the shari’a. They were permitted to have their own leaders and organizations, their own schools and tax levies, and their own laws and places of worship. The shahs transacted with them through their own religious leaders. The Armenians were represented by their Archbishop in Isfahan, the Assyrians by their Patriarch in Urmiah, the Jews by their Grand Rabbi in Yazd, and the Zoroastrians by their High Priest also in Yazd.

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