A History of the Korean Language by Ki-Moon Lee, S. Robert Ramsey

By Ki-Moon Lee, S. Robert Ramsey

A historical past of the Korean Language is the 1st e-book at the topic ever released in English. It lines the starting place, formation, and numerous old phases in which the language has handed, from previous Korean via to the current day. every one bankruptcy starts with an account of the ancient and cultural historical past. A complete record of the literature of every interval is then supplied and the textual checklist defined, besides the script or scripts used to jot down it. eventually, each one level of the language is analyzed, providing new info supplementing what's recognized approximately its phonology, morphology, syntax, and lexicon. the extreme alphabetic fabrics of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries are given specified awareness, and are used to make clear prior, pre-alphabetic classes.

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Here is a small sampling: Ma. cejen ‘upper part of the chest,’ K. cec 젖 ‘breasts’; Ma. ’; Ma. deke, deken ‘a rise, high place,’ K. ’ (attested in place names); Ma. fatan ‘sole of the foot,’ K. patang 바당 ‘bottom’; Ma. ferehe(singgeri) ‘bat,’ K. ’; Ma. golo ‘river bed,’ K. kolom  ‘river’; Ma. gu ‘jadite, precious stone,’ K. kwusul 구슬 ‘gem, precious stone’; Ma. hacin ‘kind, sort,’ K. ’; Ma. jahari ‘pebbles and stones found along a river bed,’ K. cakal 자갈 ‘gravel’; Ma. mu-ke ‘water,’ mul 믈 ‘water’; Ma.

Whether true or not, the reasoning shows the tantalizing nature of these ancient names and titles. 2 The Puyo˘ and the Ha´n1 After the Han Empire fell in AD 220, China came under the control of three kingdoms, Wu, Shu, and Wei. The northernmost of these kingdoms, Wei, bordered what is now Korea, and the account of that state known as the Wei zhi 魏志 contains a “Description of the Eastern Barbarians” (Dong Yi zhuan 東夷傳), the term the Han had used for the indigenous peoples of the area. This description is regarded as reasonably reliable because it was based upon an ethnographic survey the Wei had conducted following a victory against Koguryo˘ in AD 244.

The Mahan communities, which were the most numerous, were found in the southwest and as far north as modern Kyo˘nggi; the Chinhan were in the southeast; the Pyo˘nhan were also in the southeast and living among the Chinhan, but some of their communities were found west of the Chinhan beyond the Naktong River. Thus, the Mahan lived in territory that would later become the kingdom of Paekche. The Silla kingdom arose out of Chinhan lands. And Pyo˘nhan is generally recognized as related to the later state of Kaya (or Kara).

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