A History of Wales 1906-2000 (University of Wales Press - by D. Gareth Evans

By D. Gareth Evans

This article goals to hide 4 major sector of switch in the course of the twentieth century: the political scene, social alterations, financial advancements and tradition and academic good points. The e-book is split into major chronological sections: the 1st half examines the interval from 1900-1945; whereas the second one lines the alterations in Welsh background from 1945 to 2000. every one bankruptcy is sub-divided to make examining more straightforward.

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A major influence upon the productive capacity was the average age of coal mines. In 1946, the vast majority of mines in Glamorgan had been in production for forty years or more, and some for as long as a hundred years. In many of these older collieries the richer seams had been exhausted and there was little prospect of high returns on investment. Depression in the coal industry was not uniformly intense in all places and at similar times. The industry was able to produce a tolerable level of output until the end of 1924.

Between 1906 and 1910 a royal commission inquired into the condition of the various religious bodies in Wales, as a preliminary step towards possible disestablishment of the Church. It concluded that ‘the people of Wales show a marked tendency to avail themselves of the provision made by the churches of all denominations for their spiritual welfare’. Its reports seemed to offer further evidence of the profound strength of the churches in Wales. Attendance at communion services for all the Nonconformist denominations amounted to 550,280 persons, and if Church communicants are added to this figure, then the grand total of attendance reached 743,361.

The Nonconformists, with their tradition of Liberal 42 Part I 1906–1945 affiliation, became increasingly concerned that the estrangement of the working classes from the chapels often accompanied their adoption of socialism. It was this politicization of Labour on the one hand, and the reaction of organized religion to it on the other, which proved to be decisive for the future of the churches. Nonconformists began to withdraw from overt political activity during this first decade of the twentieth century as they feared that chapel congregations would become increasingly divided between Liberal Party supporters and Labour activists.

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