By Peter Ladefoged
Read or Download A Phonetic Study of West African Languages (Second Edition) PDF
Best linguistics books
This is often the main accomplished account of Catalan phonology ever released. Catalan is a Romance language, occupying a place someplace among French, Spanish, and Italian. it's the first language of six and a part million humans within the northeastern Spain and of the peoples of Andorra, French Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, and a small area of Sardinia.
Find out how to talk—fluently, intelligently, charmingly—to relatives, associates, fans, destiny fans, financial institution tellers, postal companies, and folks below the age of 8. This hilarious guide tackles the basics of excellent dialog with logic, social knowledge, and adequate humor to make us all believe higher approximately ourselves.
Somebody seeking to increase his or her vocabulary and somebody who loves phrases could be enthralled by means of this targeted and bold glossary that offers basically the main unusual—or is it recondite? —words for every access.
The multifaceted and heterogeneous classification of universal flooring is valuable to theories of pragmatics, sociolinguistics, discourse and context. This ebook addresses present ways to universal flooring from the radical viewpoint of lexical markers. The edited quantity falls in components. the 1st half addresses the connection among mechanisms of grounding and connection with universal floor.
- Natural Language Processing and Information Systems: 12th International Conference on Applications of Natural Language to Information Systems, NLDB 2007, ... Applications, incl. Internet Web, and HCI)
- Baudelaire, Emerson, and the French-American Connection: Contrary Affinities (Currents in Comparative Romance Languages and Literatures)
- English Phonetics and Phonology: An Introduction (2nd Edition)
- Test Your Professional English: Accounting (Penguin Joint Venture Readers) by Alison Pohl (2002-04-05)
Additional info for A Phonetic Study of West African Languages (Second Edition)
Versus nguwuru 'far place' versus baaj 'arrive, get in' eye' haj'track, follow' Long low vowels are written / aa/ by orthographic convention. While this introduces an inconsistency into the orthography, I feel it would be inappropriate to alter th/2 orthography without consulting the comnlunity.
2 What is an 'endangered language'? "[T]he coming century will see either the death or the doom of 90% of mankind's languages," according to Michael Krauss of the Alaska Native Language Center (Krauss 1992:7). The proportions are staggering. TheEtJ1noiogue (Grimes 1992) lists 6, 528 languages as "living," that is, spoken in the world in 1992. Krauss estimates that, by the year 2100, this number could shrink to perhaps 600. " But what exactly does this mean? The language and its speakers 31 A rough guideline, that almost e\rerybody seems to accept some version of, is that an endangered language is a language that within a few generations will have no speakers left.
Whether this is natural/healthy' adaptational change or whether it represents the kind of structural simplifications that are characteristic of language loss is difficult to determine. Not all situations of language contact result in language loss however. In the mountainous regions of Pakistan, villagers all speak three, four, or five languages. Most people speak Urdu, which is the unifying language, the country's official language (though it is the native language of only about 100;0 of the population), and they additionally speak various distinct local languages.