By Umberto Eco
Le eleven septembre, l. a. guerre en Afghanistan et en Irak, le populisme médiatique au pouvoir : les premières années du troisième millénaire ne pouvaient pas échapper à l'analyse ravageuse d'Umberto Eco. Il en ressort que depuis quelque temps, le monde marche à reculons, de plus en plus vite, de plus en plus dramatiquement.
Après l. a. chute du mur de Berlin, il a fallu exhumer de vieux atlas pour retrouver les frontières oubliées depuis los angeles guerre de 1914. De los angeles guerre froide, on s'est empressé de retourner aux guerres les plus chaudes. Nous avons ressuscité le vieux strive against entre Islam et Chrétienté, et le cri ancestral de «Sauve qui peut, voilà les Turcs !» nous ramène au temps des Croisades. Le fantôme du Péril jaune resurgit, comme l'anti-darwinisme, l'antisémitisme, voire le contentieux que l'on croyait pourtant bien enterré entre l'Eglise et l'Etat...
Il semblerait que l'Histoire, à bout de souffle après les bonds qu'elle a effectués au cours des deux précédents millénaires, se soit affaissée sur elle-même et se précipite à reculons, comme une écrevisse.
Umberto Eco est né à Alexandrie, dans le Piémont, en 1932. Professeur de sémiotique et directeur de l'Ecole supérieure des études littéraires à l'Université de Bologne, il est l'auteur de nombreux essais dont remark voyager avec un saumon et de romans, Le Nom de los angeles Rose, Le Pendule de Foucault, L'Ile du jour d'avant, Baudolino et los angeles Reine Loana.
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Additional resources for À reculons comme une écrevisse : Guerres chaudes et populisme médiatique
Subsequently, however, despite Pompey's engineering efforts to cut him off, Mithridates slipped away eastward with a still substantial army. Pompey pursued him as far as the upper reaches of the Euphrates, and an engagement was fought there by moonlight. The low moon behind the Romans cast long shadows ahead of them and played havoc with Pontic missile fire. What followed is quickly told. Gripped by panic, Mithridates' army turned and ran (Front. Strut. 12, Plut. Pomp. 32). Again, the crafty king escaped and fled to the northernmost part of his realm in the Crimea, taking the landward route around the eastern shore of the Black Sea in order to avoid the Roman fleet patrolling its waters.
In the summer of 64 BC Pompey marched into Antioch. Antiochos, the 13th man of that name to have sat upon the Seleukid throne, and recently restored to it by Lucullus, fled into the desert, where he was ignominiously murdered by an Arab chieftain. Pompey dispatched the wrath of his kingdom and annexed Syria, declaring it a new province of the empire probably as a bulwark against the Parthians. The following year, after abortive plans to make a comeback, Mithridates died in the Crimea. In the meantime Pompey had headed south to campaign in a Iudaea torn by civil war.
He then had a weak man pull the hairs from the tail of the stallion one by one (Val. Max. 6, Front. Strut. 11), thus demonstrating his principle of continuous harassment being the most effective way to defeat the enemy, rather than one decisive engagement. Late in 75 BC, Sertorius hosted an embassy from Mithridates of Pontus. Seemingly, in return for warships and money, Sertorius was prepared to concede not only Bithynia and Cappadocia but also the Roman province of Asia (App. Mith. §68). Sertorius had put the matter before his senate and the general consensus of opinion was that the loss of territory not under their control was a small price to pay for aid, though Plutarch (Sert.