By Antony Alcock (auth.)
In this paintings, Antony Alcock recounts the ancient improvement of Europe from the Greek urban states via to the 2000 great Treaty on eu Integration and the assault on long island of eleven September 2001. This brief historical past of Europe is instructed easily and accessibly, but presents the political, monetary, social and cultural context for Europe's expanding integration, according to the 3 pillars of Greek political inspiration, Roman legislation and the Christian faith, together with research of recent fabric, Antony Alcock brings his historical past totally up to date such concerns because the cave in of Yugoslavia, immigration and asylum seekers and eventually attention of the way forward for Europe within the 21st century.
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Extra resources for A Short History of Europe: From the Greeks and Romans to the Present Day, 2nd Edition
After all, the Roman Emperor was Pontifex Maximus, and had prime responsibility for maintaining good relations between his people and their Gods. Constantine therefore called a Council at Nicaea in 325. This was the first `ecumenical' (general) council, and he often presided over its sessions. 9 Arius, however, refused to accept the word, and even worse, Alexander's successor, Athanasius refused to accept repentant Arians back into the fold, so church unity was frustrated and the Arian controversy dragged on after Constantine's death, troubling his sons who succeeded him.
With the frontiers well protected by the legions, the Mediterranean controlled by the Roman fleet, and the Empire bound together by an excellent system of roads, Rome introduced a world of peace, security and order. Trade restrictions between the various parts of the Empire were gradually abolished and this Romano-Mediterranean world fostered the intermingling of peoples, creeds and cultures. This generally agreeable situation would last for two centuries after the death of Augustus in 14ad. But there were a number of danger signals.
337) and arranged them in sixteen books covering every aspect of law in what became known as the Theodosian Code. This was promulgated as law in the east and adopted in the west by Valentinian III. A far more ambitious attempt to reform and codify Roman law was undertaken a century later by Justinian. He sought to remove all contradictions and repetitions and also to see that laws were compatible with Christian teaching. A commission was therefore set up to examine all legislation and imperial constitutions still in force, with powers to make changes so as to adapt these laws to the existing state of society.