By Pilar Munoz; Mike Thacker
A moment variation of this well known Spanish Grammar. disguise; ebook identify; Contents; Acknowledgements; Bibliography; creation; word list of Grammatical phrases; half I; half II; Key to half I: routines; Key to half II: workouts; Index
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I’ll call him/you at eight o’clock. La veré mañana. I’ll see her/you tomorrow. Los/Les voy a enseñar a bailar. I’m going to teach them/you to dance. Las vi ayer. I saw them/you yesterday. 44 Personal pronouns 3 Where it is not clear whether the pronoun refers to ‘him/them’ or ‘you’, Spanish inserts a personal pronoun preceded by a: Le/lo veré a él mañana. I’ll see him tomorrow. Le/lo veré a usted mañana. I’ll see you tomorrow. Important note: There is a great deal of variation in the use of le and lo for the direct object in different parts of the Spanish-speaking world.
The company is going from bad to worse. I can’t say any more; it’s a secret. Every day I spend less. For comparisons of equality tanto como (as much as), is used: Él no trabaja tanto como ella. He doesn’t work as much as her. No come tanto como piensas. She doesn’t eat as much as you think. 2 Superlative KEY IDEAS ● In Spanish the superlative expresses a quality in its greatest possible degree, as in English. ), and by the addition of -ísimo. 1 Formation 1 2 The superlative is formed: either by placing the deﬁnite article before the noun whose quality we are describing and adding the comparative adjective after the noun: Inmaculada es la persona más simpática de su familia.
Personal pronouns 4 As a ‘free-standing’ pronoun: – Has ganado la lotería. – ¿Yo? Me tomas el pelo. 43 You’ve won the lottery. Me? You’re pulling my leg. 2 Direct object pronouns KEY IDEAS ● ● Direct object pronouns stand for a person, thing or idea which is the object of the verb Unlike the subject pronouns, the object pronouns in Spanish are used as frequently as in English. The difference is that in Spanish object pronouns are usually placed before the verb, whereas in English they come after the verb: Lo oí todo en la radio.