Academic Patronage in the Scottish Enlightenment by James Hogg

By James Hogg

This e-book considers the ways that 388 males secured posts within the Scottish universities 1690-1806, from the purge following the Revolution of 1688 to the top of Henry Dundas's political profession. so much professors have been political appointees vetted and supported through political factions and their leaders. This learn considers the politics of patronage appointments on the universities in Glasgow, Edinburgh and St Andrews. The enhancing schedule of political buyers and of these they served is taken into account and its relation to the Scottish Enlightenment is explored.Emerson argues that what was once taking place in Scotland used to be additionally happening in different components of Europe the place, in fairly independent localities, elite consumers additionally formed issues as they wanted them to be. In contemplating the origins and help for the Enlightenment, the jobs of consumers may be thought of. This paintings relies on a lot archival learn and provides considerably to what's identified in regards to the Scottish professoriat throughout the interval. For a few its arguments should be of value; for others it is going to function an invaluable reference paintings at the universities, one that provides a lot to what's identified approximately them.

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Jacobites were defined by their beliefs in divine right kingship and legitimacy, tenets which led them to oppose the 1690 Revolution Settlement. For them, the Revolution had unnaturally and impiously imposed on Scots an illegitimate ruler. They opted out of the legal and ordinary politics of the time. 3 44 29/2/08 08:25 Page 44 academic patronage in the scottish enlightenment resembled them but included some men with purely pragmatic interests in order, hierarchy and the continuity of old forms.

Reid had been clerk to the faculty and knew how things should have been run, although they were not always run as he describes: In Glasgow, the whole property and revenue pertaining to the University, is vested in the college, and is administered by a meeting of the Principal and Professors, commonly called the College Meeting, very often, though perhaps with less propriety, the Faculty Meeting. The record of this meeting is visited and authenticated by the Rector, Dean of Faculty, and the Minister of the High Church of Glasgow.

3 29/2/08 Introduction 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 08:24 Page 17 17 at NLS. There are roughly 250 boxes of letters with, on average, over 100 letters in each. If each letter dealt with one place, then there were 25,000 appointments which Ilay and his aide sought to influence. In addition to those, Ilay handled in London some appointments with which Lord Milton was unconcerned, and others of a military nature, with which Milton also had little or nothing to do. Milton became Ilay’s manager in 1724, twenty years after the Earl’s political career had begun.

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