Accent in Proto-Indo-European Athematic Nouns by Melissa Frazier

By Melissa Frazier

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Extra resources for Accent in Proto-Indo-European Athematic Nouns Antifaithfulness in Inflectional Paradigms

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This constraint is dominated by MAX(A), so that if the root has underlying accent, this accent is realized as the expense of POST-STEM-PROM. POST-STEM-PROM is nearly identical to POSTACCENT except that POSTACCENT is only triggered by certain morphemes (and thus does not reflect a general preference of the language) and places the accent in a stem-internal position instead of a post-stem position. It is clear that PIE does not have a general preference for post-stem or post-root stress because all but the hysterokinetic nouns have root stress in strong forms, whether the root is underlyingly stressed or not.

These two types of affixes were distinguished in chapter 2 for many reasons, including the fact that all suffixes undergo ablaut though only a few of the endings do. The fact that suffixes have privileged faithfulness is another difference between the two. A further distinction will be developed in chapter 4, where it will be shown that endings can be dominant (and thus all endings are classified as dominant or recessive), but that suffixes do not have such a specification. 4 Proterokinetic and Hysterokinetic Nouns: Post-Accenting Roots The concept of a post-accenting root goes against the claims made by Alderete (1999) with respect to post- and pre-accenting morphemes, specifically that post- and preaccentuation is always base-mutating (p.

These 17 Because acrostatic nouns can have accented or unaccented suffixes, there is no way to determine the lexical specification with regard to accent of a suffix that only forms acrostatic nouns. Thus, I am not making a claim that the suffix *et is underlyingly accented, but simply that it could be. The tableau shows that, even given an input with three accents and three vowels, only one vowel surfaces – the one that receives stress. If *et is unaccented, the expected output would still win.

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