By Noel Burton-Roberts
This hugely profitable textual content has lengthy been thought of a regular creation to the sensible research of English sentence constitution. As in prior variations, key ideas equivalent to constituency, type and serve as are rigorously defined as they're brought. Tree diagrams are used all through to assist the reader visualise the hierarchical constitution of sentences. the ultimate bankruptcy units the research within the context of generative grammar.
In this 3rd edition, Analysing Sentences has been completely revised. It has an enticing new format, extra examples, clearer motives and summaries of significant issues. a tremendous swap issues the research of auxiliary verbs, which has been revised to convey it extra based on present considering.
Clear improvement from bankruptcy to bankruptcy, including the author’s obtainable variety, make this e-book appropriate for readers without past event of sentence research. a realistic and reader-friendly textual content, it contains many in-text workouts and end-of-chapter workouts, all with solutions, and extra workouts, making it appropriate for self-directed examine in addition to for taught classes.
Noel Burton-Roberts is Professor of English Language and Linguistics at Newcastle University. he's the writer of The Limits to discuss: a Revised conception of Semantic Presupposition (CUP 1989), the editor of Phonological wisdom: Conceptual and Empirical Issues (OUP 2000) and Pragmatics (Palgrave, 2007), and the writer of various articles on quite a few elements of linguistics and the English language.
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Extra resources for Analysing Sentences, 3rd Edition
E) One day will be enough for this job. (f) A gorilla swinging about in the trees above our heads interrupted this already lengthy story. (g) Next Sunday or the Sunday after that would be convenient dates. (h) Regrettably, your dancing and colourful language are frightening the guests. (i) The existence of stars of such extreme density that not even light can escape them has not been doubted recently. 43 CHAPTER 2 SENTENCE STRUCTURE: FUNCTIONS (j) The temptation to identify less than the whole of the relevant phrase crops up in all constituent analysis.
A useful way of picturing the functional relations in  is given in , where the direction of the dependencies is indicated by an arrow, and the functions by M (Modifier) and H (Head):  As  shows, not just words but also phrases can function as heads and as modifiers. 33 CHAPTER 2 SENTENCE STRUCTURE: FUNCTIONS Now that the functions of these constituents have been specified,  should appear as a natural analysis. Compare it with the incorrect (*) analyses in  and :   Both these analyses should now strike you as odd.
31] Did [the chiropodist] fall in love with most of his patients? This difference between – and – is explained in Chapter 6. 28 NOUN PHRASE AND VERB PHRASE Noun Phrase and Verb Phrase So much, then, for the functions – subject and predicate – of the immediate constituents of the sentence. I’ll return to the functions of constituents, in a more general way, later in the chapter. The question that now arises is: What kinds – or categories – of phrases function as subjects and as predicates?