Popper and His Popular Critics: Thomas Kuhn, Paul Feyerabend by Joseph Agassi

By Joseph Agassi

This quantity examines Popper’s philosophy by analyzing the criticism of his hottest critics: Thomas Kuhn, Paul Feyerabend and Imre Lakatos. all of them followed his rejection of the normal view of technological know-how as inductive. ranging from the idea that Hume’s feedback of induction is legitimate, the publication explores the imperative feedback and objections that those 3 critics have raised. Their objections have met with nice good fortune, are major and deserve paraphrase. One also may examine them moderate protests opposed to Popper’s excessive criteria really than fundamental criticisms of his philosophy. The booklet starts off out with a initial dialogue of a few crucial historical past fabric and necessities of Popper’s philosophy. It ends with nutshell representations of the philosophies of Popper. Kuhn, Feyerabend and Lakatos. the center portion of the ebook provides the relationship among those philosophers and explains what their valuable rules involves, what the serious arguments are, how they provided them, and the way legitimate they're. within the method, the writer claims that Popper's renowned critics used opposed to him arguments that he had invented (and replied) with out asserting so. They fluctuate from him normally in that they demanded of all feedback that it's going to be positive: don't cease believing a refuted concept except there's a greater substitute to it. Popper rarely mentioned trust, delegating its learn to psychology right; he frequently mentioned purely aim wisdom, wisdom that's public and therefore open to public scrutiny.

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Extra info for Popper and His Popular Critics: Thomas Kuhn, Paul Feyerabend and Imre Lakatos (SpringerBriefs in Philosophy)

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They often justify this funding by reference to the potential applications of pure research. Thinkers of the Age of Reason were very different. They valued science as the search for the truth. They also valued it for its potential to promote peace and prosperity, but only as derivative value: science is useful, they taught, only as long as its practical aspects are by-products of the search for the truth. Modern philosophers of science often value truth and truth-surrogates for their utility (following Carnap 1950).

Einstein reported that fallibilism was essential for his research. This became the cornerstone of Popper’s philosophy; his contribution was of immense significance just because it was a fallibilist theory of rationality as critical mindedness that he presented as an alternative to Plato’s theory of rationality as proven truths. Plato viewed reason as infallible; Popper viewed reason as a means for approximation to the truth. The difficulty of developing a fallibilist theory of rationality is evident in the popular theories that Popper tried to replace.

Does science learn from experience? How does it progress? Where is the novelty of scientific discovery? Lakatos died young. Some of his followers stepped in and offered a theory of novelty for him: novel facts are unexpected. This idea belongs to Sir Francis Bacon. Since Bacon demanded that research should start with the deletion of all unproven theories, he had no room for the counter-expected, so that he was left with the expected and the unexpected. He then rightly viewed the expected as not new and concluded that the new is the unexpected.

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